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HFEM Newsletter | Jan - June 2023 | Page 2


HFEM received grant from KPDN

HFEM represented by the President HFEM, Assoc. Prof Dr Ng Yee Guan received grant of RM20,000 from Kementerian Kepenggunaan Dalam Negeri dan Kos Sara Hidup (KPDN). The grant was allocated for four human factors awareness programs that organized by HFEM. See more

Development of Ergonomics Guidelines for Agriculture

Through several workshop sessions, HFEM has engaged with various stakeholders and practitioners for gathering inputs in developing the Ergonomics Guidelines for Agriculture sector. See more

HFEM joined Industrial Hygiene Catalyst Committee (IH2C) Board

As one of non-profit society for ergonomics and safety field, HFEM was invited to be part of the IH2S Board. President HFEM, PM Dr. Ng Yee Guan was appointed to be an HFEM representative in the IH2C Board. See more


Embracing the future of work: Are we truly prepared?

Dr. Mohd Zubairy Shamsudin

International Islamic University Malaysia

Future challenges require holistic preparation to produce resilient workers capable of adapting and adopting to the rapid changes in the world economy. The post-normal pace brings about rapid and simultaneous changes, creating uncertainty. Failing to respond appropriately to these challenges can lead to problems.

My thought focuses on human capital development during industrial technological-driven times (IR 4.0). Are we prepared to face this challenge?

Human capital is a critical social indicator for governments in planning growth and sustaining the country’s economic pace. A highly skilled workforce is an important national asset that needs to be enriched and protected. With the disruption of AI, robotics, and advanced internet technology (IoT), it is essential to train more highly skilled local employees to meet the challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0).

The IR 4.0 era is a dimension of work with cognitive capabilities widely used across industry sectors. The impact of this wave creates new safety and health risks that differ significantly from previous conventional risks. Previously, the focus was more on the physical aspects of the workplace, but now, it includes the mental and psychosocial aspects of employees. The “great reset” brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic has further emphasized remote work and flexible time arrangements, while industries increasingly rely on AI, IoT, and robotics technology. This poses a challenge in providing human capital capable of keeping up with this fast-paced phenomenon, forcing the entire world to enter a new and challenging time.

The progression and implementation of the occupational safety and health agenda within the IR 4.0 context are challenging. For example, employees are engaged in high-order thinking to make decisions and need to familiarize themselves with high-end technology, integrating existing conventional work skills with advanced computer and IT processes. 


This exposure exposes employees not only to physical risks but also to risks associated with cognitive burden and psychosocial issues.

The IR 4.0 context includes human-machine interaction (HMI), human-computer interaction (HCI), and human-robot interaction (HRI). Recently, there’s talk about IR 5.0, which involves the interaction of computers, machines, and humans known as cyber-physical-human systems (CPHS). The revolution of Industry 5.0 means that humans and machines are working together, improving the efficiency of industrial production, with a more human-centric focus, increased resilience, and an improved focus on sustainability.

Therefore, the holistic development of human capital should take this into account; otherwise, we will be left behind. The new generation of employees should be equipped with the necessary knowledge and skills, such as high-level thinking, computerized skills, and technical/vocational abilities. Are we prepared? Is it sustainable in terms of human capital development? Many questions need to be asked to avoid losing sight of our strategic planning in the face of the world’s technological-economic boom.

Sustainable development comprises social, economic, and environmental aspects. Emphasizing human capital in the context of occupational safety and health aligns with the United Nations agenda: SDGs 2030. Malaysia is committed to taking the international agenda seriously to achieve inclusive Sustainable Development Goals without marginalizing anyone with the principle of ‘leaving no one behind’.

The Government needs to do its best to comprehensively, progressively, and responsively cover all levels of workers to ensure that the human capital produced is future-ready. Lastly, enjoying equitable national benefits and providing a reasonable standard of living indirectly enhances the socio-economic environment.

Source: Dr. Mohd Zubairy Shamsudin

HFEM Newsletter (Jan – June 2023)   |  Page 2

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